North-Eastern Rhodesia

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North-Eastern Rhodesia[1]

1900[3]–1911[2]


Flag

Anthem
"God save the King/Queen"
Capital Fort Jameson
Languages English (official)
Nyanja, Bemba, Tonga and Lozi widely spoken
Government Colonial administration
Monarch
 •  1900–1901 Victoria
 •  1901–1910 Edward VII
 •  1910-1911 George V
Administrator[4]
 •  1900–1907 (first) Robert Thorne Coryndon
 •  1907-1909 Lawrence Aubrey Wallace[5]
Historical era late 19th & early 20th century
 •  Established 29 January 1900[3]
 •  Amalgamated with Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia as Northern Rhodesia[6]
17 August 1911[2]
Currency Southern Rhodesian pound
Today part of  Zambia

North-Eastern Rhodesia was a British protectorate in south central Africa formed in 1900.[7] The protectorate was administered under charter by the British South Africa Company. It was one of what were coloquially referred to as the three Rhodesian protectorates,[8] the other two being Southern Rhodesia and Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia. It was amalgamated with Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia, another territory administered by the British South Africa Company, to form Northern Rhodesia in 1911.[9]

History

The colonisation of the region that would become North-Eastern Rhodesia began in 1890.[10] Joseph Thompson was dispatched by Cecil Rhodes of the British South Africa Company to negotiate agreements with African chiefs.[11] Alfred Sharpe was similarly dispatched by the British Consul for Nyasaland for the same purpose.[12] After failing to secure any agreements, Sharpe and Thompson used force to subdue the local people.[13] In 1895 the British South Africa Company was granted land and mineral rights over 10,000 square miles by Mozambique Gold, Land and Concession Company, a company it had bought in 1893. In order to better exploit the anticipated mineral wealth, the British South Africa Company incorporated a subsidiary, North Charterland Exploration Company in 1895.[14] Effective administration of the region was achieved by the end of 1899.[15]

In January 1900 Queen Victoria signed the North-Eastern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1900. This Order made official the name North-Eastern Rhodesia and formally proclaimed it a British protectorate.[16][17] Under the Order a regime for the Company's governance of the new protectorate was established. The new protectorate was administered by an Administrator appointed by the High Commissioner for South Africa.[18] The High Commissioner legislated by proclamation for the protectorate.[19] The protectorate was divided into 7 administrative districts.[20]

In 1900 Robert Edward Codrington was appointed as the first Administrator. He held this post until 1907. The last person to serve as Administrator was Lawrence Aubrey Wallace from 1907 until 1909 after which the position was left vacant. The capital was at Fort Jameson, today called Chipata.

When the protectorate was amalgamated with Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia to form Northern Rhodesia, the Administrator of Northern Rhodesia took over the functions that had been carried out by the Administorator of North-Eastern Rhodesia.

Laws

The laws of England applied to the protectorate, as far as local circumstances permitted.[21] In civil cases between natives, native laws applied so far as was not repugnant to natural justice, or morality, or to any Order in Council, or any regulation thereunder.[22] The Protectorte had a High Court, District Courts and Magistrates' Courts.[23] Appeals from the Protectorate Courts could be made to the Supreme Court of Cape Colony and from there to the Privy Council in the United Kingdom.[24]

See also

References

  1. North-Eastern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1900
  2. Zambia - Justice and the Rule of Law By Choolwe Beyani; published on the website of the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa on 27 August 2013 and stating that 17 August 1911 was the commencement date for the Northern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1911.
  3. The Map of Africa by Treaty by Sir E. Hertslet.
  4. Administrator appointed pursuant to North-Eastern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1900
  5. World Statemen Website
  6. Proclamation by His Excellency the High Commissioner of South Africa, Northern Rhodesia No 1 of 1911 and made on 17 August 1911[www.barotsepost.com/images/important_barotse_documents/Northern-Rhodesia-Order-in-Council-1911.pdf]
  7. North-Eastern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1900
  8. Encyclopedia of the Laws of England, Volume XIII; Editors: A. Wood Renton, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon and Max. A. Robertson, Esq., of the Inner Temple and the Midland Circuit, Barrister-at-Law; Edinburgh; 1 November 1908.
  9. Northern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1911, S.R.O. 1911 No. 438, p. 85.
  10. The colonial state and Africa Agriculture in Chipata district of Northern Rhodesia, 1895-1964, by Alfred Tembo, 2011
  11. The colonial state and Africa Agriculture in Chipata district of Northern Rhodesia, 1895-1964, by Alfred Tembo, 2011
  12. The colonial state and Africa Agriculture in Chipata district of Northern Rhodesia, 1895-1964, by Alfred Tembo, 2011
  13. The colonial state and Africa Agriculture in Chipata district of Northern Rhodesia, 1895-1964, by Alfred Tembo, 2011
  14. The colonial state and Africa Agriculture in Chipata district of Northern Rhodesia, 1895-1964, by Alfred Tembo, 2011
  15. The colonial state and Africa Agriculture in Chipata district of Northern Rhodesia, 1895-1964, by Alfred Tembo, 2011
  16. North-Eastern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1900
  17. Commonwealth and Colonial Law by Kenneth Roberts-Wray, London, Stevens, 1966. P. 753.
  18. Encyclopedia of the Laws of England, Volume XIII; Editors: A. Wood Renton, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon and Max. A. Robertson, Esq., of the Inner Temple and the Midland Circuit, Barrister-at-Law; Edinburgh; 1 November 1908.
  19. Encyclopedia of the Laws of England, Volume XIII; Editors: A. Wood Renton, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon and Max. A. Robertson, Esq., of the Inner Temple and the Midland Circuit, Barrister-at-Law; Edinburgh; 1 November 1908.
  20. Encyclopedia of the Laws of England, Volume XIII; Editors: A. Wood Renton, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon and Max. A. Robertson, Esq., of the Inner Temple and the Midland Circuit, Barrister-at-Law; Edinburgh; 1 November 1908.
  21. Order in Council of 1900.
  22. Encyclopedia of the Laws of England, Volume XIII; Editors: A. Wood Renton, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon and Max. A. Robertson, Esq., of the Inner Temple and the Midland Circuit, Barrister-at-Law; Edinburgh; 1 November 1908.
  23. Encyclopedia of the Laws of England, Volume XIII; Editors: A. Wood Renton, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon and Max. A. Robertson, Esq., of the Inner Temple and the Midland Circuit, Barrister-at-Law; Edinburgh; 1 November 1908.
  24. Encyclopedia of the Laws of England, Volume XIII; Editors: A. Wood Renton, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon and Max. A. Robertson, Esq., of the Inner Temple and the Midland Circuit, Barrister-at-Law; Edinburgh; 1 November 1908.

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